Archive for December, 2008

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Hindu Terrorist.

December 31, 2008

charred20bodies20of20muslims
A few dead Muslims out of 2000 who were burnt during Gujrat carnage
Evidence of Hindu Terrorism

"Samjhota Express" Evidence of Hindu Terrorism...

  The following news appeared in Dawn newspaper today about  a group of Hindu terrorist who planned and executed murder of several Muslims travelling in samjhota express.

 

Hindu leader admits he was involved in Malegaon blasts


NEW DELHI, Dec 30: Dayanand Pandey, a Hindu religious leader, has admitted to his involvement in the Malegaon blasts, according to officials.

Media reports quoting Additional Commissioner of Police (Anti-Terrorism Squad) Parambir Singh on Tuesday said that Pandey had confessed to his involvement in the deadly attack.

Precautions have been taken to ensure that his confession is admissible in court. Pandey was arrested in Kanpur on November 12.

He was charged with plotting the bomb blasts outside a mosque along with prime accused Pragya Singh Thakur and Lt-Col Shrikant Purohit. Eight persons were killed in the explosion.

Pandey had attended several meetings with the other accused for planning the blasts. Purohit had helped Pandey in getting weapons and explosives.

Police said it had recovered a laptop from Pandey that contained audio and video clippings which revealed details about his several meetings with the other 10 accused.—APP

Should the world believe Indian propaganda anymore? “NO”. Like I said in one of my earlier post its India, Hindu and Hinduism which propagates terrorism. There needs to be no  BIGGER PROOF than their continuous terrorism against Muslim, Christan’s, Sikhs and other minorities in Kashmir, Gujrat, Mumbai and Delhi. 

Lets wait and let the Mumbai attack realities unfold, who knows which Indina army man, which Indian politician and which Indian agency was involded in that. 

If they are asking for Lakvi chief or any other people who they think are involved in Mumbai carnage (withouth any proof) then we have every right to ask for Narainder Modi who is the real terrorist of India and was behind the execution of 2000 Muslims in Gujrat in India.

The Real Terrorist

The Real Terrorist & A Murderer

 

Truth is the reality, India tries to avert 


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After I left Karachi!

December 30, 2008

I am a 28 year old male living in the hush and bush of a western society. I came here some years ago seeking some goals but soon I lost my grip and I lost , what it seemed at that time my only hope, and since that day I have kept my head down and I have focused on my career and my life around my family. In the past few years I have hardly had time for myself it seems like I have lost my true personality somewhere. For me life is now about just keeping everyone else happy and moving on forward. I have a lovely family (mom, dad, brothers, sister) my beloved wife and my ever so adorable son.

It might sound silly for you to read this but I will write anyway. At times I am driving, walking, on a train or just stood somewhere and a thought crosses my mind why am I here? What am I doing? Am I serving the purpose of my existence? And then I think about life a few years ago when I was with in my family home in Karachi surrounded by my loving family and friends. Everyone talking and having a nice time, having dinner on dastar, special feeling about Ramadan, Eid’s and many other things.

emptiness_is_form
This is where my depression kicks in. I am Alhamdulillah in a good position financially, family wise etc I have got whatever anyone would wish for but the satisfaction is not there. I tend to seek Allah’s help but I fail to pray no matter how much I try. I have tried so many times to get into a habit of reading namaaz but I fail to keep up with it. I have a very strong character and it has become even more stronger after witnessing hardships of life over the years but still in my moments of weakness break down in tears. Despite having money, my own house, a luxurious life style there is still that sense missing sense of satisfaction. Although like I said I don’t pray but I still do try to do all the other good things like Roza, Charity, Haqooq al Ebad, I don’t drink, I eat halal food and I keep myself to myself as much as I can so that I am not wasting time in anything which is listed not good by Allah but still there is this question about the reason of my existence…..

I feel that there is a bigger purpose for me to be alive and but I don’t know where to find that bigger reason. I don’t even know if anyone will have an answer to it or not but I still seek my answer. May Allah has some plans for me which are yet to be revealed I don’t know how long I can bare this inquisitiveness…….

I often sit and think,
In an empty moment of time,
Who am I? And,
What is my purpose,
Purpose of being born,
Purpose of being here,
the answer is the same silence I have been hearing for years..

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India bites the dust….

December 30, 2008

First of all I would like to extend my thank you to China. In the fiasco of past weeks China once again has stood by Pakistan’s side making it clear that the best way of resolution of disputes is dialogue.
We as Pakistani must always be thankful to China and its support to us.


After weeks and weeks of blame game by India it has achieved nothing but shame on itself. The Indian planned incidents of Mumbai were planned to undermine and pressurize Pakistan (A plan which fell flat). We all saw the Mumbai carnage and the statements of eye witnesses. All pointed fingers back at India but it was incompetent politicians like Parnab Mukharjee who got carried away and now they have bowed their heads in shame. Mr Mukharjee needs to realize that this time things are not the same as 1971. They wont succeed the in making Bangladesh away by supporting people like Mujeeb-ur-Rehman and organizations like Mukti Bahini.

Pakistan on the other hand has sent a clear message to Indian counterparts saying “You can’t dictate us”. India so far has exhausted all efforts to pressurize Pakistan but it is yet to provide Pakistan with a solid proof. Yes, they have provided us with a letter from Kasab, Qasav or whatever that boys name, would anyone sensible enough will take that letter as a credible form of evidence? If one is sensible enough, then the answer will be “NO”.

Looking at how the events have unfolded so far India must have realized that Pakistan will always be united against India. No matter what our internal conflicts are we will always stand united if anyone tries to impose a war on us. I myself had decided weeks back that if war erupts then I will support my mother land financially and physically. I even had plans to fly back to Karachi in case of war and similar were the thoughts of my friends.

So what should we expect now from India? Is there going to be any evidence sharing from India? Do we actually think that India has tangible evidence showing Pakistan involved in Mumbai carnage? I don’t think so.

From past experiences it has been clear that India and Indian’s are not competent enough to think sensibly. In my opinion Mumbai incidents will turn out to be like Samjhota express incidents proving that India has got internal problems. They have 100’s of separate movements within their country and they are trying to suppress them. There is no doubt the Indian government, opposition and RAW was involved in Mumbai brutalities.

The so called world’s greatest democracy is a mockery of all democracies. Over the years the brutal killings of Sikh’s, Muslims, Christians have proved it that Hindu’s are terrorist and not to forget their continued invasion of Kashmir (this is a topic within itself.) After the Mumbai carnage India ran to U.N. to seek a ban on some organization and on the other hand India doesn’t even follow the U.N resolution on Kashmir. What a bloody joke!!!

India has always pointed fingers at Pakistan for terrorism but it has always failed to address issues like Gujrat massacre of Muslims, target killings of Christians, mass murder of Sikh’s and much more. The fact is that anyone who is not a Hindu is in danger in India.

An Indian journalist made the following video’s which clearly show Hindu’s confessing of mass murder of Muslims.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D11oeBBfQxk&feature=related

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GpjS1WWAmtE&NR=1

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1l3neoDICXE&feature=related

Watching this video reminds me of the way Mumbai carnage was conducted and I tend to find similarities on how innocent people were murdered in Gujrat and Mumbai and I reach the conclusion that these terrorist were Indian’s trained the same way as the terrorist of Gujrat were trained and they were on the same mission of killing innocent civilians. Does this mean that they were RAW trained terrorist serving their duties? And Indian government masterminded this plan?

In my opinion India is a threat to the rest of the world. They are of the thought that they will be worlds next super powers whereas, in reality they are a stock of idiots with having much more than what they can really handle. The minorities of India are deprived from everyday needs. So much so that most of them are even discriminated in every aspect of life. They have separation movements running. Their poverty issues are in despair. Indian’s themselves are frustrated with their own government. These are merely some facts which usually remain hidden behind the gimmicky and glamorous world of Bollywood.

The so called “BOOM” in Indian economy is going down the hill, it is greatly dependent on western BPO’s etc, with the west struggling to conduct operations with due to credit crunch it is only a matter of time that the plug will be pulled.

Yet, they believe that they will be the worlds next super power.

It will be in best interest of India to first of all resolve Kashmir dispute because then India will be able to fully concentrate on India itself. They have occupied Kashmir illegally for long enough now and it is time to let go and face the bitter truth that Kashmiri’s want freedom from them. By resolving Kashmir India and Pakistan will be able to work together better and may be the arch rivals will become partners in each others success. The world which awaits us tomorrow will only sustain if we carry peace and harmony. Conflicts will only cause destruction on both sides of the border. We must remember, now wars are only of buttons of WMD.

May peace prevails, there is no other option

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CV feedback

December 24, 2008

Like millions of other jobs out there my job might be in trouble as well. I am working for a bank at the moment and the over all situation is very cold. My 6th sense says that in February time my bank will be annoucing redundancies and as they dont have a job match/salary match for me they might wave “Bye Bye” to me.  To save myself from displacement and being escorted out of the building I am thinking to make my won way out. Therefore, I am looking for other options. Now for that I have re jigged my C.V but I cant decide on how it looks so why dont you give me your opinion through a poll and your comments ?

Sounds like an idea to me…

Profile & Objective

I am a smart working individual with unlimited potential followed by dedication to excel in everything I do. I am capable of working alone and as part of a team therefore I am affirmative that I have been and will be a valuable asset for any organization.
My objective is to gain significant success in my career with taking everyday as new challenge by hitting and exceeding targets and setting new challenging records. To work, develop and succeed with a team in order become the best and to give any company I work for a competitive edge in the market.
   

Qualifications

September 2005 to 2006
Msc. (Marketing)

Leeds Metropolitan University
Projects: – Developing Marketing Communication In Motormile Finance Ltd, Consumer Behaviour in UK Wine Market, Study and Analysis of Singapore International Airline, Study of Leeds Live it, Love it Campaign, Being an Entrepreneur, Cost evaluation of A Call Centre

October 1999-2003
Bachelor of Science with Hons (Bsc. Hons) In Software Developments Honours, Huddersfield University
Projects: – Development of a Phone Directory, Development of an Online Result System, Development of Boat Hiring System using UML, Establishing a Small Area Network
Final Year Project:  Development of an Online Computer Store

 

Work Experience

XXXXXXXXXXX.  Present

I was hired to work in the XXXXXX Buying Abroad Department . There were 5 countries to look after and these were Italy, France, Dubai, Portugal and Spain. My roles involved providing leadership, motivation, development and product support to all team members. This project was highly successfull involving excellent returns but due to the economic down turn we had to move away from it for the times being.
My duties in Barclays Buying Abroad Department were as follows:-

Improvements- Responsible for driving substantial improvements to Buying Abroad Client Experience across the

team and developing staff to help make our clients feel individual and special.

Targets-Responsible for ensuring achievement of targets assigned to team members.

Sales-Responsible for ensuring that team provides full support for all sales campaigns and initiatives.

Best Practices-Responsible for the sharing and embedding of best practices, including generating ideas and escalating issues through Service Recovery.

Complaints-Responsible for the implementation of effective complaint handling according to the regulators and written procedures.

Management Support-A key player within the Buying Abroad Department team, providing support to managers.

Team Support-Responsible for the improvement of the EOS (Employee Opinion Survey) scores for the team and for making team members feel appreciated. Ensuring performance development applications are being applied across the board including on going coaching, training and development of staff.

Communication-Responsible for the delivery of high quality and effective communications to the team.

Leading– Responsible for providing effective leadership at all times.

 
 

 

 

XXXXXXXXXXXXX I started working for XXXXXXXXX as a team leader and I was hired to implement changes with regards to departmental targets and I converted the department into a target-based area of the business in order to improve and increase the overall productivity of the department. I successfully manage a strong team of 16
My duties were as follows: –

Leadership& Management -Leading, mentoring, developing, energising and motivating staff to ensure daily, weekly & monthly targets were met. Dealing with performance management, discipline & grievance cases.
Compliance – Ensuring compliance with legal and business requirements.

Monitoring -Creating
stats on daily basis and providing feedback/ briefing to team members. Creating and managing a healthy atmosphere in the team/department in order to make it the best possible working environment.
Team work -Providing support to other departments wherever possible by sharing resources.
One to One’s – Organising and delivering regular one to one feedback to team members and weekly team meetings. Preparing daily, weekly and monthly reports to the Management.
Customer Relations – Investigating and resolving customer complaints.
Recruitment- I played an active part in re-designing the recruitment process within the department by introducing telephone interviews and probation test.
Change – Identifying and implementing improvements on current procedures to make them productive.

 

XXXXXXXX
I started to work for xxxxxxx, on their largest account of xxxxxxxx, as a Customer Sales Advisor. Just after two months in the role due to outstanding performance in the areas of sales, management and training I was handed over my own team of 14 sales advisors to look after. My duties were as follows:
Leadership- Provided team leadership and coaching

by motivating and inspiring team members. Lead by setting a good example with consistent approach
Environment-
Created an environment oriented to trust, open communication, creative thinking, and cohesive team                 effort.
Vision– Provide the team with a vision of the project objectives. Familiarized the team with the customer needs, specifications, design targets, the development process, design
Ownership – Strive for team consensus and win-win agreements. Ensure discussions and decisions lead toward closure Intervene when necessary to aid the group in resolving issues
Recognition- Recognized and celebrated team and team member accomplishments and exceptional performance
Focus- Kept team consistent on the tasks at hand, the internal and external customer requirements
Assure that the team addresses all relevant issues within the specifications and various standards
Communication- Provided necessary business information to the teams in order to create greater
Encouragement– Initiated sub-groups or sub-teams as appropriate to resolve issues and perform tasks in parallel
which helped keeping the team engaged, focused and on track.
 

 

 

 

xxxxxxxxxx

I entered the business as a team leader for the finance and leasing department and then took on board management of collections department as well. My team successfully managed a loan book of 7.5 million pounds with 80% of debt being collectable
My duties were as follow: –

Strategies –
Development of collections strategies for a variety of work queues.

Soliciting –Working closely with solicitors for chasing debt up and taking defaulters to court

Reviewing – Review and plan team workloads to ensure the continuous delivery of agreed service levels.

Interviews & HiringRecruit, train and develop Telephone Collectors to ensure that service levels are achieved.

Performance – Review and assess individual and team performance on a regular basis to ensure objectives are achieved.

Management Information –Produce relevant and concise management information – e.g. Key Business Indicators. 

 

 

 

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx:
I worked in the Document Management Centre (DMC) within the servicing team. I was the key member in setting up and managing the department. I was employee of the month in my very first month with the company. My duties were as follows: –

Acting Team Leader – During the beginning of the servicing department I acted as a team leader and took complete responsibility of the whole department.

Training Session – Time to time new staff was hired I used to provide them with a full training.

Service Checks – Everyday I had to carry out 100% service checks on the whole team in order to avoid any mistakes.

Meeting Service Level Agreement (SLA)– As a team we had to meet SLA ‘s everyday.

Dealing With Queries – Along with every day tasks I was often asked to deal with certain queries which were dealt with in the time scale provided.

 

 

 

xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx   

Worked as a supervising sales representative on their account of One Tel, my role involved working closely with my line manager and the team working under me.  I was awarded employee of the month 6 times during my stay at Head count

My duties were as follows: –

Direct Marketing – Targeted direct marketing role with team management.

Sales Targets – On daily basis we were provided sales targets to achieve, which were actively met.

Supervising –I was allocated three locations to supervise a sales team of 25 advisors.

Training Sessions – Training session for the new staff on how to be effective sellers.

Time Keeping –Reaching the sale venues on time in order to reach full client potential.

Sales Shows- Conducting special sales event on high profile days for example Christmas eve.

Producing Quality – Along with hitting the sales target I have to keep a keen watch on the quality.

Daily Reports – At the end of the day reporting sales figures for each area to my line manager.

 

 


Systems Used

All Windows Operating Systems, Microsoft office packages, SAP, Lotus notes, Sage Line 50.   Skills & Expertise
Excellent communication skills, Sales, Management, Assertiveness, Competitiveness,  Visionary, Enthusiasm, Delegation, Trainer.

 

 

“The day I start enjoying my job I wont work a day in my life anymore”

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Early morning knock out!

December 24, 2008

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This morning I woke up in my usual good moods and got involved in my usual stuff of bugging my wife, leaving the tap open and getting told off and finally going into my son’s room to say morning to him (my son is 13 months old..). Now as you dont know about my son and his usual naughty epsiodes I will fill you in. He is 13 months but nearly crawls out of his cot everyday, he climbs on sofa’s to get to the window so that he can adore the beauties on the road, he is a fan of older women (I am ok as long as he doesnt adore men! lol) etc etc all in all he is always upto onething or another. Anyway, few days back my son fractured his left wrist due to excessive play and his high speed crawling.
This morning when I went into his room to have chat him, his mom followed me (who happes to be my beloved wife) also walked in complaining to my son that I have yet again left the tap open. My son got very excited looking at me (or he was excited that his plan was about to work) and welcomed me with open arms and I as I took him into my arms he rammed his pot onto my head giving me a completely 5 sec knockout…lol. As I recovered I could hear him and his mom  laughing their heads off and I was trying to recover the memories which fell out of my ear. To be very honest, I can still feel the bump on my head and it does hurt a little. Lol

I never thought it could hit me this hard. So what does this mean?  mom and son have already paired up against innocent me ? does it mean that my son hates to see me early morning because I take him out from his cosy cot and take him into my skinny arms ? or was he just testing the knock out effects ?

All this remains unanswered! 
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A forwarded email. “Shoes”

December 24, 2008

The pair of shoes which was thrown at Mr. Bush in Iraq has links to Pakistan, said a statement from Pentagon. They have the following proofs:

i) The journalist had visited Pakistan earlier this year. There he was inspired by the shoe throwing at former CM Arbab Ghulam Rahim and Sher Afghan Niazi.

ii) He received his training of throwing shoes by a Pakistan based Jihadi organization.

iii) The DNA sample of leather has revealed that the animal whose skin was used for manufacturing the shoe had traces of grass which is grown in North of Pakistan and this skin was collected by a Jihadi organization on Eid-ul-Adha this month.

Hearing this, President Asif Ali Zardari and Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gilani have decided to ban the Jihadi organization and launched a country wide crackdown against all the cobblers in Pakistan.

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Forgetting Urdu!

December 23, 2008

My father-in-law, Dr Sifat Alavi’s, write up on Urdu

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Introduction

Urdu is a language, which is widely spoken and understood in the sub-continent of India, among the people of the sub-continent who live in the Middle East and elsewhere in the world. Apart from English for among the few chosen people with Western Education, it is favoured language of communication among the masses in the sub-continent. What makes it unusual is the capacity to be a language that is equally popular among all the people from various classes of the sub-continent. Further, it is a language with a name, which is not derived from the name of a nation or from a name of a community. It has no nationality or religion. It is truly dynamic for it has the ability to accept words from other languages and hold them to itself giving them their own connotations and special meanings.

Because of its script, vocabulary and its poetry traditions, Urdu mistakenly is considered as a branch of Persian (Farsi), and therefore the language of Muslims of India as opposed to Hindi, the language of Hindus. However, because of its grammatical structure, its phrases and idioms, the fact of the matter is it is closer to Hindi, for it developed from that old Hindi, a relation of Sora.see’ni pra’kat, which was spoken in and around Delhi. The debate is not one way for the literary traditions in the modern Hindi, the Rashtar Bhasha of India, are derived from Urdu.

Because of its origin, its name as “Urdu” is more appropriate than calling it Hindustani. The later name was used by John Gilchrist (Hindoostanee Dictionary, 1787), might be technically correct, but it would also include in its folds other languages e.g. Rajasthani, Eastern Hindi and Western Hindi as well.

Historical Background of Urdu Language

In the present day of the advanced communication technology, where distances are minimised to such an extent that, people of a culture living in different parts of this world do not have to feel isolated. Nevertheless when people of different cultural backgrounds come together, they have a need of mutual communications. If the coexistence of such people is transient then perhaps their need of mutual communication initially could be satisfied by use of hand, face or other body gestures or some basic sign language. Where coexistence is of long duration, then the need of a verbal communication sooner or later leads to exchange of vocabulary in each other’s spoken language(s). How a particular language or the people of that language would accept the foreign vocabulary in their lingua would depend on their (a) political status (b) economic needs (c) cultural needs (d) religious needs. To a lesser extent it would also depend on the majority or dominant culture. The process invariably leads to an enrichment of language (s), which come in contact with each other. However, it would be uncommon or rather would be rare that such contact would lead to the development of a new language.

Today because of the advanced communication technology, less time consuming relatively cheap travel, distance has become irrelevant. People speaking the same language, in this case Urdu, but living in different countries and continents can become a close knit while by paradox also as well as an international community. The number of Urdu speakers increase in the world as the number of years pass but its position as a world language does not necessarily grow to accommodate boundaries which extend outside Asia into the north in North Europe, North America and into the south in South America, Australia and South America. This is because, although it satisfies the cultural, social and religious needs of its speakers, on the international scene its political and economic influence is relatively weak. By contrast, English is strong for United States of America’s cultural imperialism promotes it through out those very zones. Urdu has a chance to assimilate and change but whether it can compete with American English is another matter.

Pre-Christ Language Scene In India

In the Pre-Christ period, the Aryans with their invasion of the subcontinent brought Sanskrit to the Northern parts of India and pushed the original Indian inhabitants with their own vernaculars to the South. With passage of time coupled with a strict cast system of Hindu religion, Sanskrit became a language of high culture and academics restricted to high cast Hindus while spoken language among the majority developed colloquial nature (prak’rit) depending on the socio-economic needs of the people in various regions. With passage of time these prak’rits advanced to become Bha’shas (languages of literary nature and significance). Thus in the 6th Century AD, at least 20 prak’rits were spoken in India of which 5 were important and attained a status of Bha’sha. Those were (1) Pa’li, spoken in Magadh (Bihar) and religious literature of Budh-mat was written in it (2) Jee’nee in which Jain-mat literature was written (3) Ma’ha’rashtri a mixture developed of Aryan and Par’thein (4) Sora’see’in mainly developed in Bridge (Mathura) region [by the time of invasion of India by Alexander the Great had developed as Bridge Bha’sha with various dialects spoken in North India, e.g. Rajasthani, Western Hindi and Eastern Hindi etc] and (5) Magadhi which was spoken in Magadh in addition to Pa’li.

Bridge Bha’sha was spoken from Bihar to Sindh, from Lahore to Malva. During the time of Raja Vikramadita (50 BC) Pandit Draochi formulated the grammar of Bridge Bha’sha, which later in 1868 was researched and published from London under the name “PRAK’RIT PRA’KASH” by Mr. Cowell. South of river Krishna various Dravidian languages were spoken (some of them presently known as Talugu, Malayalam and Tamil etc.) which were relatives of Turani Language (Ural-Altaic and Palo Siberian languages).

The Begining Of Urdu

Before the advent of Modern Islam (late 6th Century), Arabs frequented the trade centres of the Indian subcontinent. It is conceivable that along with exchange of goods of trade, they also exchanged words of mutual interest from their languages. In the middle of the 7th Century, during the period of Khalifa Umar the Great, the Iranian Empire (of Yazdigar) fell to Arab Muslims resulting in the Muslim influence being extended up to Mulatto on the western shores of the river Sindh. However, Muslim forces were not able to establish their rule in the area. In 664 AD Muslims invaded India via Kabul and in 715 AD Mohammad Bin Qasim invaded Sindh but did not stay long. Nevertheless in the post-Christ period, those were the starting points in India for the establishment of a new homeland for the people of different culture and linguistic background. Their permanent presence as new communities among the established Indian communities would have necessitated the need of a mixed language. However, up to 1192, we do not have any written record of such a mixed language except in poetry Chand Barvai in his poem “Parthi Raj Raso“, Dil-pat in his poem “Khaman Raso” and Tur’pat Naal in his poem “Bell Dev Raso” used a number of Arabic and Persian words like dunya, per’var’di’gar, salaam with correct pronunciation and some like kalak for khal’q and pai’gam for pai’ghaam, pher’maan for fermaan with modified pronunciation perhaps because of the absence of appropriate alphabets in Bridge Bha’sha to comprehend Arabic and Persian sounds. Again in that period similar examples can be found in the poetry of the Persian poets. They also used words from local Indian languages. In fact Hakim Sa’na’i, a 12th Century Persian poets, never visited India, but still used certain Hindi words.

Although we find Arabic and Persian words filtering in the local Indian Bha’sha and Prak’rit, up to 1192, we see that, original inhabitants (mostly Hindus) and new settlers (mostly Muslims) formally used their own mother tongues with their scripts for their academic and religious literary pursuits.

At an early stage the new mixed language was simple and without any formality in its daily use. However, with passage of time, this mixed language became structured and broadened its vocabulary by an increase borrowing of words and phrases from Persian, Turkish and Arabic languages. With little modification it accepted Persian alphabets and its script for itself. The use of these modified Persian alphabets along with the diacritical marks in the script gives to Urdu a unique ability to pronounce correctly the words from Hindi as well as from the foreign languages especially from Persian, Arabic and Persian. One cannot loose sight of several other reasons in the development and evolution of a language. It is important to recognise that there is a distinction between court (political or imperial need), mosque or church (religious need) and bazaar (commercial and days today’s common purpose’s need). To make a language acceptable elite and populist elements have to be present. The new mixed language developed in the environs of Delhi, the main seat of Muslim rulers (the new settlers) of India had their secular mother tongue Persian and their religious scripture Arabic.

Nomenculture Of The New Mixed Language- Urdu

When and how the name URDU was given to the new mixed language is not clear. Qazi Min’haaj-ud-din in his Tab’qaat-e-Naas’ri (658 AH) used this word for Mughal’s garrison. Genghis Khan used this word to refer to his capitol and garrison, while his son called his garrison as Urdu-e-Mut’tala because of the golden coloured tents of his garrison. Babar (1483-1530) in his proclamation of his victory (935 AH) used the word Urdu-e-Nusrat Sha’haar for his victorious army. Akbar (1542-1605) and Ja’haan’geer (1569-1627) used this word in combinations as Ba’zaar-e-Urdu and Urdu-e-Mu’al’la for their garrison and also on their coins as Zarab-e-Urdu, Urdu-e-Zafar-e-Qareen, and Sik’ka-e-Urdu-e-Ja’haan’geer.

Saiyyidi Amir Khusro (1255-1325) called the language of his poetry as Kalaam-e-Hindi and Saiyyid Mu’baa’rak (Miya Khurd) in his book “Kitaab-e-Seer-e-Au’li’ya” refers to Baba Fareed Kunj’s sayings as Farmood – bazabaan-e-Hindi. Between 13th and 16th century wherever a Hindustani language is referred to, it was loosely named as Hindi or with a provincial prefix e.g. Zabaan-e-Punjabi, Zabaan-e-Multani, and Zabaan-e-Gujarati etc. But the language used in Delhi and in its environs, was always and strictly referred to Hindi.

Perhaps in the long passage of time with an increase in the use of the word “Urdu” within the long winded combinations the word URDU became restricted for the language spoken in the cantonments.

In the late part of Mughal period, the Indian Sub-continent was exposed to the West European traders and Christian missionaries from England, France, Holland and Portugal. This exposure inevitably influenced Urdu language. It is surprising that during the long period of British Raj in India, Urdu accepted relatively few Anglo-Saxon and Portuguese words, and that too after they were Urduised, as compared to the proliferation or un-Urduised Anglo-Saxon words in the post independence period. This is probably due to the Neo-Economic Imperialism by the Americans and their New Political World Order.

But the above does not give any indication of when this new mixed language became a language of literature.

Urdu Literature

The beginning of Urdu as a language of verbal communication, between various religious, cultural and socio-economic communities among the people of India, although established in the middle of 7th century AD, its literary traditions only started to take shape towards the end of the 13th century AD. The then dominant Persian-Arabic culture, the culture of the rulers of India influenced its choice of vocabulary, its script and its literary traditions. Thus we find that in Urdu the earliest literary works, apart from the ones of religious needs, which are merely translations of earlier works from Persian and Arabic, are in poetry. Here again I would like to emphasise that it should be appreciated that there is a distinction between the needs of a court (political or imperial), mosque, temple or church and bazaar (commercial or days today’s common person). During the Mughal period, because of the needs of the court (political and imperial) the language of the elite and that of high literary works remained Persian. However, with the beginning of the era of foreign British rule in India, the imperial and political needs changed. It became increasingly clear that to end the political dominance of Muslims in India, it was necessary that all remnants of the past Mughal period should be severed. And the New Masters, the East India Company and later the British Crown, realised that if they have to establish an effective rule from a distance, they had to take into consideration the need of bazaar. While recognising the importance of regional languages for that purpose, the New Masters saw that in areas with political and commercial Muslim dominance, the language, which acted as a lingua franca among various Indian communities, was Urdu. Thus in those areas in place of Urdu they promoted Urdu to become a second official language. They enforced it in the civil and criminal courts, encouraged it among the lower ranks of the law and order-enforcing agency, as well as promulgated it as a medium of instruction of instructions in schools for Indians attended by the lower middle classes. By 1822 Urdu became as a second official language in Bihar, United Provinces, and Punjab. To help to achieve the objective of an effective rule in India, the East India Company in 1800 established Fort William College at Calcutta under the able leadership of Dr. John Gilchrist. Although the college was originally established to educate English work force in local Indian vernaculars and to acquaint them with religious, social and cultural values of the local Indian subjects, it contributed immensely in the development of Urdu rhetoric and literature. Thus the political and commercial needs of the East India Company and later British Crown were unwittingly responsible for the development of Indian regional languages and particularly in the case of Urdu, it helped it establish itself and evolve as a language of rich literary traditions.

Poetry, fiction (novel and short story) essay, stage play, satire, travel biography, journalism and mass media communication (film, television and radio), oratory and etc. are a few of facets of literature where Urdu has developed its own strong traditions.

The Begining Of Urdu Literature

The poets of Mughal period who wrote the poetry in the mixed language of Persian and Hindi which wasspoken in and around Delhi called it Naz’m-e-Rekh’ti or Naz’m-e-Rekh’ta, meaning a kind of verse (naz’m) written in a language with a mixture of two or more languages. Later on all forms of poetry written in this mixed language was called Rekh’ti and the language itself was referred to as Zabaan-e-Rekh’ti. The basis for using this mixed language was laid down by the poets of Zabaan-e-Rekh’ti, which got its patronage from the Mughal court and people in the high places.

Therefore, we can conclude that Urdu as a literary language was a product of various practices in written poetry in the amalgamated languages, born out of a mixture of Persian, Arabic, and local Hindi of Delhi region in the Mughal period.

Urdu Poetry

Poetry is the foundation on which stand the edifice of prose and the rest of the literary traditions in a language. The truth of the matter is that when a language has strong poetry traditions, then the literature of that language truly represents the values by which its people live their lives.

As in most other language traditions, in Urdu the language of poetry is elaborate, precise and rhythmic. In Urdu poetry the rhythm is provided by using the language on the lines of Persian language construction and composition and meters used in Persian and Arabic poetry. Compliance with Ra’deef (one or more independent words placed after the rhythm at the end of the last hemstitch or verse) and Qa’fi’yah (the last letter in a verse which terminates in a double rhythm) is considered essential in Urdu poetry, although Blank verse and Free verse do not comply with ra’deef and qa’fi’yah.

The huge popularity of Urdu poetry has its roots in the fact that Urdu literary traditions were established at a time when there was political decadence in India and she was sliding under the yoke of foreign rule. During that time at most occasions poetry provided a freedom to a poet to express his or her opposition to the establishment without fear of reprisal.

Ghazal and Qaseeda are two popular forms of Urdu poetry. Other forms of Urdu poetry are Qat’a (also pronounced as qit’a), Ru’ba’i, Mas’na’vi (also pronounced as math’navi), Tar’jeeh Ban’d Naz’m and Tar’keeb Ban’d Naz’m. In all these forms compliance with ra’deef and qa’fi’yah and one of the 19 bu’hoor (pl. of bah’r meaning meter) is essential. Haiku, Free Verse, Blank Verse, Prose in Verse, Geet (song) are finding their way into Urdu poetry as a result of cultural influences from outside the sub-continent and under the aegis of Universal Literature.

Ghazal is the most popular form of poetry in Urdu literature. Technically the word “Ghazal” (Arabic) means to talk in an amatory and enticing manner. Originally it was an amatory poem or ode. In Urdu it could be a love poem, expressing love for a mortal, platonic love, celestial love, ascetic subjects etc. Because of the aesthetic qualities of a language to express the faculty of love in the form of poetry, these days Urdu poets use ghazal for expressing wider subject matters, which concern human behaviour and related problems. Thus it gives poets a freedom of expressing their dissatisfaction, their dissension and opposition to the establishment in a language of love with fear of reprisal.

Kaleem-ud-din, a critic of Urdu literature, once called this form of poetry as “Neem Vah’shee Sinf” (half tamed species) of Urdu literature and therefore not worthy of serious consideration, while Rasheed Ahmed Siddiqi, another critic, called it “Aab’roo-e-Urdu” (the pride of Urdu) and emphasised its importance of this form of poetry in Urdu literature. Nevertheless this is the most popular form of Urdu poetry.

The Urdu ghazal has influenced the writing of poetry in the other languages of Indian sub-continent. Thus we find experimentation of the ghazal writing in modern Hindi, Gujarati, Bengali, Punjabi, and Sindhi and in the languages of South India.

Urdu Prose

Practice of poetry writing in any language is different from that of prose writing. Apart from the abstract imaginative power, which is essential both for poetry and prose, the later needs disciplined thought process, ingenuity, sagacity, penetrative intellect and power to develop ideas logically. The fiction writing is an art, which relies on real life event(s). Fiction writer uses imaginative and cognitive powers to describe and evaluate the real life events, which surround the writer. The power and beauty of fiction lies in the accurate reflection of the intensity, rigour, awesome, dignity and majesty of human life. The figurative, allegorical and metaphorical abstraction as such may render a beauty to a poetic expression, but not fundamental to human life. The fiction writer has to express his or her experiences of life situations in a harmonious way that is in concordance with personal freedom of speech and thought. Perhaps this may be a reason that the best ever written fiction could never claim and enjoy the same status with its contemporary poetry.

Urdu prose had a late beginning and surprisingly it started in the Deccan, away from Delhi, the seat of the government. Urdu language historians have attributed various reasons for this late development e.g. Persian being the court language and the language of the elite, naz’m was the most favoured way of expressing one’s thought, so much so that even the letter writing was practised in naz’m. The practice of writing prose in Persian was so well established that even the evaluation and biographical notes on Urdu poets were written in Persian. However, most of these historians have over-looked the general political atmosphere of the country at that time, which helped poetry writing rather than fiction writing. Prose written in the early period was essentially benign and non-political with religious contents.

Urdu prose has its beginning in the form of leaflets and booklets (ra’saa’il) dealing with moral exhortations (sermons, parables and stories) and aphorism (mal’foo’zaat). Some of these writings were translations of earlier works in Persian and Arabic. Most of these were carried out by Muslim saints e.g. Shkeikh Ain-ud-din (d.1475Gunj-ul-ilm) Khawaja Gai’so’da’raaz of Gulbrga (Me’raaj-ul-Aa’shiqqein). The earliest fiction works in prose are from South India (Deccan), away from Delhi and Lucknow, the centres par excellence for Urdu literature.

It is understood that the first prose-fiction is that of Mulla Asad-ul-lah Vaj’hee’s “Sub-ras” (1604 ADS), which is an allegory and is an adaptation from an earlier Persian work “Dastoor-ul- ash’shaaq“. The other earlier works on record are “Jal-tarang” and “Gulbaas“, both by another Deccani writer Shah Bur’haan-ud-din Jaa’nam. Although the imaginative prose writing (fiction) in Urdu had its origin in Deccan, but did not get general acceptance.

The first prose work from North India available to us is 1732’s “Deh Majlis” by Faz’li, which is a translation of Mulla Hussain Va’is Kashfi’s work “Ro’zat-ush-shu’hada” dealing with the martyrdom of Haz. Imam Hussain.

Other significant works are the translations of Persian work “Qis’sa Cha’haar Dervaish” under the name “Tar’z-e-Muras’sa” by Mir Ata Hussain Khan Tehseen (1798) and by Mohammd A’vaz Zareen (1801) and under the name “Baagh-o-Bahaar” by Mir Am’man (1801). The later translation was commissioned by the Fort William College.

Early Urdu prose was riddled with similes and metaphors and used an elaborate style with sentences in ways intended to give a rhythm similar to that of naz’m. Basically the style adopted was that of Persian prose with little or no consideration to the grammatical structure of the Urdu language.

The early first Urdu Novels are “Mi’raat-ul-U’roos” by Nazeer Ahmed (1869) and “Fa’saana-e-Aa’zaad” by Pandit Ratan Nath Sarshaar (1879) and “Um’rao Jaan Ada” by Mirza Hadi Hasan Ruswa.

The Urdu Short Story is a relatively new form in Urdu literature. Prem Chand and Saj’jaad Hayder Yalderam could rightly be considered to be the founding authors of Urdu Short Story.

“Language can be a barrier which leads to wars or a carrier which leads to peace. Choice is ours”

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27th December “A Public Holiday”

December 23, 2008

Fireworks of OBLITERATION

Fireworks of OBLITERATION

Shocking Shocking Shocking!!!!

 

 

Pakistan has become a nation which is struggling economically, politically,  where poor is becoming poorer, where stock exchange have nearly collapsed and the governemtn instead of working towards reforms of all the important sector has annouced a public
holiday on the 27th of December.

From now on 27th of December will be celebrated as “Pakistan’s Corruption day”.

All over the world due to economic down turn governments, corporate firms etc are trying to have more days at work instead of having days  of and our struggling nations deomcratically elected government of feudals with an un elected president has made yet another blunder and taken another stupid decision of declaring 27th December a public holiday. What will the holiday be used for? Stonning buses, burning tyres, a few dead bodies on the road and another terror headline all over the newspapers.

Is this goverment here for public and country reforms or is it just doing BHUTTO reforms?

Pakistan needs it-

“People are like stained-glass windows. They sparkle and shine when the sun is out, but when the darkness sets in, their true beauty is revealed only if there is a light from within” Elizabeth Kubler Ross

 

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No ample proof on Mumbai attacks: Interpol!!!!

December 23, 2008

Neighbours & Rivals

Neighbours & Rivals

What strategy will India adopt now? Because clearly they havent given any proof to anyone at all. Does this mean that Parnad Mukherjee and has been wasting his energy to pressurize Pakistan and impose a war on it or its just the same agenda as U.S had Iraq concerning WMD….?

www.aryoneworld.net 23.12.2008
ISLAMABAD: Interpol chief Ronald Noble has said that India has not provided ample evidence for arrest of any accused of the Mumbai attacks. While Interior Advisor Rehman Malik has said Ajmal Kasav has sent a letter to Pakistan, through the Pakistani High Commission in New Delhi.

Addressing a press conference alongside with Advisor for Interior Rehman Malik here, the Interpol chief said that Pakistan is one of the victims of terrorism. He termed terrorism a major problem faced by the world.

He said around 1500 people have lost their lives in terror incidents in Pakistan and appealed the world to extend help to Pakistan to curb the menace.

Advisor to Prime Minister for Interior Rehman Malik said that a proper procedure exists for extradition of people wanted to any country. He said he has discussed with the Interpol official the issue of illegal emigrants.

He said Pakistan has offered unconditional cooperation to India for investigation of Mumbai attacks.

Pakistan has imposed ban on Jamat-ud-Dawa in pursuance of the United Nations resolution and detained activists of the group, Malik said.

Malik said that Ajmal Kasav in his letter has requested for legal assistance. He said the name of Ajmal Kasav has not been found in NADRA record.

He said Pakistan is cooperating with the world community over the issue, the world should also extend its cooperation to the country.

The press conference held in Pakistan by the Interpol chief proofs that either India doesnt have any evidence at all or it has very limited evidence and that is the reason they are using pressure tactics just to destabilize Pakistan. It annoying to see out incompetent Defence Minister making sensless statements and our elected PM and non elected President being as daft as they can…

A patriot wraps himself around the flag to defend it; a scoundrel wraps it around himself to defend himself”

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Us Muslims!!!

December 23, 2008

I read an interesting post post at http://karachiwali.wordpress.com , but I dont see the point of it. I dont want to offend anyone but our beloved religion Islam has been highjacked by maulvi’s you have made Islam a male dominated religion and  until we throw the mulla’s out nothing will be set out right.

In addition to this, different people have interpreted Islam in different ways and it has happened soo much soo that the whole meaning has changed. For example, Zakat was supposed to be a social fund so that the society could benefit from it but nowadays people prefer giving Zakat to their poor relatives (most of the times its less than what they are accounted for). I know people take money out of their Pakistani’s accounts just before zakkat’s deducted because,

1. They dont trust the system
2. They think its beneficial to give it to their poor relatives.

The way I look at this, I say this is not right. There should be a transparent system setup to monitor this and then everyone can get a fair share of such a benifit as per their needs.

About, Islam and education. Well Deen and Duniya need to go together. They are like two balls which need to be balanced in the same propotion but I am affraid to say all us grip one of them tight and let the other one slip. These days if anyone keeps a beard then people get worried and say “Maulvi hogaya hai”. People are even scared of giving out their daugthers in religious families because they are jamati’s.  Today education has opened our minds soo much that we have even started to question Allah’s authority.
Boys and girls study in co-ed’s and its not considered bad. Dating is seen as part of our soceity, for boys the high the shalwar the more dangerous he is and for girls the higher the shalwar the more fashionable and rich she is.  What are we trying to achieve here?

Prophet Mohammad, started the first preaching from his own home and muslims from our age start preaching from a different corner.

The interesting thing which I usually try to find an answer to is. Pakistan was made in the name of Islam that is the reason its known As Islamic Republic of Pakistan. But which islam are we talking about ? Sunni, Shia, Baraivi, Deubandi, Ismaili, Kadyani or Wahabi…Because as far as each of these categories go they are called muslims in one way or another.

If the youth of today do want to make a change then you dont need to discuss it on a blog and write some emotional replies and then use TAB+CTRL to look the fresh bollywood news or check out how Angelina Jolie looks  on red carpet. All we need to do is study Islam on our own. Read the books of all other related religions and then see how Islam is better. The five pillars of Islam are not just merely pillars. They are things on which the whole infrastructure of Islam rests on. You are all clever people and none of you needs your hand to be lead into a direction. When Allah will want then you will find the right paths and discover what Hazzart Mosa , Prophet Mohammad, Hazzart Ali and the rest of them did.

I always say “Prosperity lies in testing and learning and testing again”. We need to be true to ourselves. I know I dont get a satisfying reflection of myself in the mirror because I know I am not following the same Islam as Prophet Muhammad thought. But are you guys following the right things ?

I know tons of people who drink on Friday night but look for a halal restaurant to eat. I know parents who let their children go out with white girls but then take them to Pakistan so that they can end up with good brides. The truth is our soceity and culture is becoming a laughing junk.

 

Elbert Hubbard 

“Religions are many and diverse, but reason and goodness are one. ”
The Roycroft Dictionary and Book of Epigrams, 1923