Posts Tagged ‘Islam’

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Missing you already!

March 19, 2009

Departure of A "HERO"

Departure of A "HERO"

Fatima Bhutto (http://pakistankakhudahafiz.wordpress.com)

Pakistan has become a very unusual place. In Lahore, the heart of Pakistani cricket, the Sri Lankan cricket team was attacked in broad daylight by masked gunmen carrying guns and rocket launchers, because you never know when a rocket launcher will come in handy during an urban attack. The government had been warned of a potential terror threat but, true to form, ignored it. After killing eight people, mostly policemen, and wounding several others including the foreign cricketers, the gunmen ambled leisurely away. They were caught on CCTV camera calmly mounting their motorcycles and surveying the scene before deciding they had other places to be. 

Immediately the cacophony of ludicrous claims hit the media. “The attack is to ruin our [the ruling party’s] image,” bellowed Raja Riaz, a Pakistan People’s Party hack. Er, no. “The motive was to damage the state of Pakistan and end cricket here,” said Imran Khan, head of the Tehreek-e-Insaf party. Er, no. The Pakistan cricket team are perfectly capable of ruining the state of cricket in the country on their own; masked gunmen are not required, thank you very much. Incidentally, on Monday night local police attacked the offices of Khan’s party brandishing Kalashnikovs and pistols. It’s probably not a coincidence that Khan has been openly critical of the Zardari government.

It’s fear. That’s what it is. It’s the state of a nation at war with itself. When vigilantes armed with sophisticated weaponry can attack a team of cricket guests (and there are no guests more esteemed in south Asia) in the middle of the afternoon, what they’re telling you is that no one is above the reach of the terror that has taken over Pakistan. It’s startling how adept this government has been at losing control of law and order, leasing out Pakistan’s stability for an increased role in the war on terror in preparation for the troop surge in Afghanistan, and generally running the country to rot.

“Droned” is a verb we use now in Pakistan. It turns out, interestingly enough, that those US predator drones that have been killing Pakistani citizens almost weekly have been taking off from and landing within our own country. Secret airbases in Balochistan – what did we ever do before Google Earth?

The PPP-led government, hailed as being “democratic”, capitulated to the Pakistan Taliban’s demands for sharia law in the Swat Valley in February. There was no vote, no referendum, nothing. The government, tired of fighting those pesky militants who’ve been burning down Sufi shrines and local girls’ schools, just declared that a part of the country would be ruled no longer by federal law, but by a myopically interpreted and Taliban-approved “Islamic” code. And verily it shall be.

We’ve just had senate “elections”. Of course, there are no actual elections involved: the ruling party puts forward winners and they end up in parliament. On Monday, in a shock move, President Asif Ali Zardari’s former attorney, who defended the erstwhile criminal on corruption and murder charges, was made chairman of the senate. What a gas!

Meanwhile, with Delhi still beating war drums over the November Mumbai attacks, our former dictator/president Pervez Musharraf travelled to India recently, and there he warned our neighbours of an all-out war should they strike Pakistan. He also let us know that he is ready to return to the call of political duty. Outsiders might be confused at this change in the situation – what’s he doing there? Didn’t he resign in August? Here’s the beauty of it all: Musharraf’s re-emergence has many middle-class Pakistanis excited and hopeful. Is he back?! A series of op-eds in a local English newspaper (not highly censored because no one reads them) was titled “Why I miss Musharraf”. When a dictator tickles your fancy, you know something has gone very, very wrong.

So, the mood in Pakistan is one of confusion. How did we come to this? How do we get out?

On the eve of spring, it is the same problems that blight the country’s poor – there is no electricity, there is no potable water, and food inflation continues to rise. The newspapers warned us this week that “load shedding” in the summer will be some 15 hours long, which is not that bad considering the fact that we’re sitting in darkness for 12 hours a day now. Pakistan has long missed its millennium target goals of eradicating polio, largely because we can’t keep the electricity going long enough for the vaccines to be properly refrigerated, so they keep going bad. And we’re a nuclear country, a grossly corrupt one at that.

The press censorship continues unabated with future threats of an absolute blackout on any criticisms of the government safely enclosed within the Prevention of Electronic Crimes Act that the parliament is currently sitting on. The bill, which imposes jail sentences from three months (for having an email account not registered in your real name) to the death penalty, and criminalises the acts of “spoofing”, “spamming” and “character assassinating”, will apply to the width and breadth of the country and to any person, regardless of nationality or citizenship. It will crack down on all objectionable – the definition of what is objectionable is typically vague – messages sent via, but not limited to, “electrical, digital, analogue, magnetic, optical, biochemical, electrochemical, electromechanical, electromagnetic, radio electric, and wireless technology”. So any subversive content found on cell phones, computers, or toasters will soon be illegal. Your head should be spinning by now.

Pakistan is in a dire situation. Religious extremism, violence and a faltering economy have made the state of affairs here decidedly grim. Joe Biden and John Kerry see American dollars as the only way of helping Pakistan stave off extremism; but Yankee aid donations and senatorial money will not help us now. It is estimated that President Zardari and his late wife, Benazir Bhutto, stole between $2bn and $3bn from the country’s treasury during their two previous stints in power. Now Zardari has claimed his personal wealth to be somewhere in the ballpark of $1.8bn. Nawaz Sharif, leading coalition partner and head of the Pakistan Muslim League, declared his fortune to be not as grand, at only $1.4bn. You do the maths.

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Pakistan in 3008-

March 10, 2009

One of my very good friend sent me this email a while back. First time I read it I couldnt stop laughing and the second time I read it I was of the thought that what if we get there ? .

The “Finish line”. Are we capable enough to make the following possible? Read the following and share your thoughts. Thanks

 

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Pakistan In 3008
 
Two Top American Executives at IBM, USA

Alex: Hi John. You didn’t come to work yesterday
 
John: Yeah. I was at the Pakistani Embassy trying to get my visa.
 
Alex: Oh, really? What happened? I’ve heard that these days they have
become very strict.
 
John: Yeah, but I managed to get it.
 
Alex: How long did it take to get it stamped?
 
John: Man, it was a long queue. Bill Gates was waiting in front of me
and they really gave him a hard time. The poor guy even brought the
property papers for his house in Seattle to show them that he will
return to USA. I went there at 4:00 a.m. to get in the queue and there
were tons of people ahead of me.
 
Alex: Really? In Pakistan, at the US Embassy it only takes an hour to get visa for U.S.


John: Yeah! But that’s because no one in Pakistan would want to come to
USA, except Americans who have taken Pakistani nationality and want to
bring their kids here.
 
Alex: So, when are you leaving?
 
John: As soon as I get my tickets from the company in Pakistan. I’m so
excited. I will be getting a chance to finally fly with the world’s
fastest growing airline, Pakistan International Airlines (PIA). Sort of
dream come true, you know.
 
Alex: How long are you planning to stay in Pakistan?
 
John: What do you mean “how long”? I will try and settle in Pakistan. My
company has promised me that they will process my Green Book as soon as
possible.
 
Alex: Really? Man, you’re a lucky one. It’s very difficult to get the
Green Book in Pakistan. Last year my cousin and his family went there on
a tourist visa and they’re not coming back now.
 
John: Yeah. That’s why I’m planning on marrying a Pakistani girl there
and then sponsoring my parents and my brother and sister from New York
to Pakistan.
 
Alex: But I hear you can find lots of good American girls in Karachi and
Lahore.
 
John: Yeah, but I prefer Pakistani girls. They are so much more superior
to our girls, and what great brunette complexion they have!
Alex: What city are you going to?
 
John: Karachi. The company has an office in downtown Saddar. Yeah, the
salary is good but the cost of living is quite high because of all the
people flocking to this high-tech Mecca.
 
Alex: I hear the exchange rate is now $100 to a Rupee! That’s just too
much. What about Quetta and Peshawar? What are they like?
 
John: No idea. But they are cheaper than Karachi, which is the world’s
headquarters for information technology now.
 
Alex: I hear the quality of life in Pakistan is incredible.
 
John: Yeah, man. You can buy a BMW for Rs.30,000, and a Mercedes for
less than Rs.45,000. But my dream is to purchase a Suzuki Turbo FX-800
which costs roughly Rs.90,000. But what a sweet design, great curves,
and it purrs to the touch.
 
Alex: By the way, which company are you gonna work for?
 
John: Haji Jalal Puttarjee & Bros. Technologies, a pure Pakistani
conglomerate specializing in embedded software.
 
Alex: Man, you’re so lucky to work for a pure Pakistani company. They
are really intelligent and unlike any American body shops that have
opened their fly-by-night outfits in Pakistan. The Pakistani companies
pay you even when you’re on the bench. My friend, Paul Allen, used his
bench time to visit the Makran Coast, the most gorgeous resort in
Pakistan, I hear.
 
John: Yeah, man, you’re right. I hope the US learns something from them
and follows in their footsteps. It seems all we do is borrow more and
more money from the Askari Bank.
 
Alex: How are you going to cope with their language?
 
John: I’ve been learning Urdu since my school days. I always dreamed
that one day I’ll head for Pakistan ever since my uncle bought me that
T-Shirt from Islamia College. At the Consulate they tested my
proficiency in Urdu and were quite impressed by my score in TOUFL (Test
of Urdu as a Foreign Language).
 
Alex: Boy! You’re so damn lucky.
John: Yeah. I’ll be travelling in the world’s fastest train, Tezgam,
I’ll be visiting the world’s largest theme park in Changa Manga, and
I’ll be visiting the famous Lollywood where I might meet the sons and
daughters of movie legends like Nadeem, Sultan Rahi, Anjuman, Reema and
the gorgeous of all, Madam Babra Sharif.
 
Alex: You know, the Pakistani President is scheduled to visit USA next
year and I hear that he may increase the number of employment visas.
 
John: That’s very true. Last month, their Labour Minister, Naswar Khan
Pakhtoon, visited the White House and donated Rs.20,000 for the
re-development of the World Trade Centre at Silicon Valley, and has
promised more if we follow the models of the fast developing high-tech
cities, Gujranwalla and Raiwind. Bill Gates was lucky to have a chance
to meet him. Very lucky person.
 
Alex: Will you be calling on Dave? I hear that he has made it big there
and has a beautiful house on the Lyari River in Karachi.
 
John: Yeah, I’ll be meeting him.
 
Alex: Anyway, nice chatting to you, John. Good luck, you lucky guy.
 
John: Yeah, and the same to you,
 
Alex. By the way, don’t ever go to the Pakistani Consulate in
shalwar-kameez because they will think you’re too Pakistanised and may
doubt that you will ever come back, and your application will be
rejected. And yes, don’t forget to say to the Visa Officer politely:
“As’salam-o-Alaikum, aap kaisay hain?” It will show them you’re a
cultured person.
 
See what u think of this people…..Dont forget to say INSHALLAH after
dis..!!!

 

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Musharaf in INDIA! Geo Musharaf Geo

March 9, 2009

 

PAKISTAN-POLITICS/

I would like to thank Saroor Zaidi for the for his brave work and support and sharing the following with his group members.

Geo Musharaf Geo,

An amzing Confident Musharraf has stood tall and proud, and represented Pakistan to the fullest capacity with dignity and power. Mr. Musharraf was harrassed by the Indian Muslims, which we know have a personal grudge with Pakistan, I will not add that in, as it was a cowardless reply from the Indian Muslims. They are far better treated as they are after reviewing there answer and statement.

Enjoy

Arun Poorie: You are here as a messenger of peace. What did you do about it in the nine years when you were in power?

Musharraf: Let’s stop the blame game. We need to look at the reality, forget the past and look ahead. I don’t know what I did wrong, but I can tell you I tried my best for peace between India and Pakistan. I was never negative when the opportunity for peace came to me.

Arun Poorie: What plans do you have about the future?

Musharraf: To me, the core issue is building confidence by greater people-to-people affinity. Once the confidence is there, we should move towards resolving the core issues, and stop meddling with the internal affairs of each other’s country.

 Arun Poorie: What do you have to say about what happened on 26/11 in Mumbai?

Musharraf: Let’s stop the war hysteria. Just a day into the investigations, the Pakistani army and the ISI was blamed for it. I am for a considered and matured response to these issues. As far as the investigations are concerned, the Pakistani government should fully cooperate and the guilty should be punished.

 Arun Poorie: Are there any terrorist camps in Pakistan?

Musharraf: See we have done damage to each other. I am aware of what the Indian embassy is doing in Jalalabad and Kandahar. A terrorist from Kabul has been received by Indian intelligence agencies in India and looked after. I have documents to show this. Let us stop the blame game. India is a big country. You try to do damage to us, we will do damage to you. We should address the trust deficit between the two countries. The ISI does the same thing as the RAW does. There is no distinction.

Ravi Shankar Prasad: In the face of the present situation, do you see Taliban taking over Pakistan?

Musharraf: Areas in the North West Frontier [Province] where the problem is, account for less then one percent of the population. There is no danger of Taliban taking over Pakistan politically.

Arun Poorie: What specific confidence-building measures do you have for the future?

 Musharraf: We need to look at strategic issues. We will have to address the water issue which would develop into a new conflict between the nations. We have to stick to the Indus Valley treaty.

Soli Sorabjee: Will you hand over Dawood Ibrahim to us as a confidence building measure?

Musharraf: This is a small issue. I do not know if he is there. I too have a long list of people that India needs to give us. The role of Indian embassy in Afghanistan in Jalalabad and Kandahar is not good either. Individuals are a small issue. We need to look at strategic issues. I do not think handing over Dawood will change anything. I know it will not help in easing tensions between the two nations, if that happens then you will have to hand over Dawood back to Pakistan (laughs).

Rahul Kanwal: A conversation of Gen Kayani, the army chief who succeeded you, has been intercepted where he said Taliban is a ‘strategic asset’?

Musharraf: This is a lie. He cannot say that. I challenge them to show me the proof. It is a lie.

Amar Singh: When our (then) PM Vajpayee travelled to Lahore by bus to Lahore for friendship, Kargil happened. Now you say you are for peace?

Musharraf: I would not like to comment on this issue. I have dealt with this matter in my book.

Shekhar Gupta: Compare your years in power with that of Ziaul Haq.

Musharraf: The comparison cannot be done as the situation and ground realities were very different in both times. You must understand that Pakistan is not the perpetuator of terror but a victim of terror in the last 30 years.

Question: How is it to live in Pakistan and not be in charge?

Musharraf: It’s good. I am relaxed. The most difficult job was to take decisions in highly complex situations. Now I read about them in the papers.

General VP Malik: What are the chances of the army taking over Pakistan again? How can India help Pakistan in its problems?

Musharraf: It is the internal matter of Pakistan. The political leadership can deal with the situation. I would not like to comment on that. India can help Pakistan by not maligning Pakistani army and the ISI in the world.

 To my readers, I know I have disappeared from blogging scene. I have some personal engagements due to which I am un able to bog but very soon a series of new writings are coming up…..

Thank you

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Obama, Oil & Pakistan

January 22, 2009
Region Of Concerns

Region Of Concerns

January 22, 2009 

America’s military policy is following its foreign policy which follows the smell of oil. Forget freedom and democracy. That’s for fools. Pakistanis are fooling themselves if they think President Obama will be able to change this. Let’s pray he does. The Karachi-Torkham-Afghanistan supply route and the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan pipeline means that U.S. will have to take effective control of Balochistan, Gwadar and Karachi. This will also help deny Iran and China any stake in their own pipelines across Pakistan. America can’t do this by going to war with a strong Pakistani military. Destabilization is part of the plan, with some margin for unintended consequences. Now you understand the game. By

Ahmed Quraishi | Wednesday, 21 January 2009.

ISLAMABAD, Pakistan—Publicly, America’s most immediate challenge after the government change is Afghanistan and Pakistan. Privately, in Washington’s power corridors, it is oil. Oil, and not al Qaeda, is threatening to knock America off global leadership. President Obama takes over a country whose global economic leadership is threatened by dwindling oil reserves and a dogfight over whatever remains. Oil is running out, fast. And the remaining oil, including new reserves, lie in other people’s lands, closer to Russia, China, Europe and other powers. America’s global supremacy rests on an economic system based on easy access to oil. If someone else gets that oil, America loses. Jon Thompson, an American oil veteran ExxonMobil Exploration Company’s former president, has written in June 2003 that by next decade the world will need 80% more oil than we have today to keep the world going. Luckily for President Obama, his predecessor, George W. Bush, has done an excellent job in: One, securing new oil, and, Two, warding off threat from other oil hungry powers. Under the guise of spreading freedom and democracy, Bush’s eight years saw the biggest expansion of American military bases across the world. And the trail follows the smell of oil. This riddle is as mysterious as the whereabouts of Osama bin Laden. America’s foreign policy was also adjusted to follow the footprint of oil, going where the oil is, be it Angola, Sudan/Darfur, Central Asia, Russia, Colombia, Georgia, Venezuela, and of course Iraq. Somalia is fast becoming the latest battlefield in this secretive global dogfight over oil and transport routes.

In the words of veteran American oil industry correspondent William Engdahl, ‘U.S. military and foreign policy was now about controlling every major existing and potential oil source and transport route on earth […] One superpower, the United States, would be in a position to decide who gets how much energy and at what price.’ The Taliban government was not an enemy of America. It sent delegations to United States and lobbied for U.S. State Department’s attention. Its removal was decided much before 9/11, according to Pakistan’s former top diplomat Niaz Naik, who was told so explicitly by U.S. officials in July 2001. Taliban fell out of favor because they put terms and conditions on the pipelines that American oil giants planned to construct on Afghan territory. Taliban were replaced by U.S. oil consultants Zalmay Khalilzad and Hamid Karzai. Pakistan was and continues to be the next target. U.S. diplomatic meddling has already disturbed the natural progression of the Pakistani government system, leading to instability and creating local players who look to America for support. U.S. military intervention is softening up the country through regular missile attacks and drone flights. The last time this method proved effective was in Iraq during the 1990s.

The chatter in the U.S. think tanks and media about Pakistan’s division along ethnic lines has never been this high. Pakistan has to be subdued in order for American energy and military transport lines to become secure. America needs to secure Pakistani transport routes from the sea to the Afghan border. Balochistan is an interesting case. Destabilizing this Pakistani province disturbs Iran’s plans to lay down pipelines to Pakistan and beyond. The instability also helps destroy China’s chances of using Gwadar, the new Pakistani port city overlooking oil-rich Gulf, to dock its commercial and naval ships. In fact, the entire area between Gwadar and the Sino-Pakistani border is up in insurgencies of all sorts, known and unknown. This is the same route that a future Chinese oil pipeline is supposed to take, linking China to oil supplies from Africa and the Gulf. This entire area was peaceful before 2005, until meddling by unknown actors began from the U.S.-controlled Afghan soil, exploiting Pakistani internal problems. The United States is playing a big role in ‘softening’ Pakistan. It is trying to pitch the country’s elected governments against the military to reduce the military’s ability to decide Pakistani interest on Afghanistan, China and India. Outside meddling is easy thanks to Pakistan’s weak political and government structure. Stopping American intervention in Pakistan, while continuing the cooperative relationship, is the biggest challenge facing President Obama. Will he do it? The facts on the ground are not encouraging. After gaining unprecedented access inside Pakistan – both diplomatically and militarily – it is doubtful that an Obama administration would scale back U.S. gains. Pakistan will have to tell the U.S. that it has legitimate security and strategic interests in the region and that it cannot allow the U.S. to decide those for Pakistan. This includes the shape of the future government in Kabul, the expansion of the Indian role in the region, and the relationship with China. Obama’s Washington has to understand, respect and work with Pakistani interests and concerns. Any other type of relationship won’t work. President Obama needs to wean his policy planners off the idea of reproducing the pliant regimes Baghdad and Kabul. Those things require war. And President Obama doesn’t want another war, does he?

This post is taken from the following:-

http://pakistankakhudahafiz.wordpress.com/2009/01/22/oil-obama-and-pakistan/

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Hazrat Usman’s (R.A) Munificent Services For Islam

January 5, 2009

A very good write up on Hazrat Usman (R.A). I found it on a forum and I decided to put it on my blog. Please have a read. Thanks

The third caliph of Islam Hazrat Usman (RA), a very close and trustworthy companion of Prophet Muhammad (SAW), occupies an outstanding position in the history of Islam.

His unprecedented generosity for the cause of Islam and the welfare of the Muslims earned him the honorific epithet of ‘Ghani’ which became an integral part of his name. He was a man of fidelity, probity and austerity; and abstemiousness, righteousness and astuteness constituted the traits of his noble character.

A scion of Banu Umayyah, a branch of the Quraysh; he was born in Makkah. Attaining maturity he took trade as his means of subsistence. By virtue of his honesty and integrity the business flourished and he prospered as a business magnate. Soon he ranked high among the big traders of Makkah.

Hazrat Usman at the persuasion of Hazrat Abu-Bakr (RA) accepted Islam. No sooner than he embraced the new Faith, his family members including his own uncle turned hostile and let loose all sorts of animosities and persecution.

The unabated hostilities left no option but to seek asylum somewhere, so he with the permission of the Holy Prophet (SAW) first migrated to Abyssinia. His wife Ruqayyah (RA) who was the daughter of the Holy Prophet accompanied him. On his return he migrated to Madina.

At that time in Madinah there was a great scarcity of drinking water. The main source was a well, Bi’r Rooma, owned by a Jew who sold water to the Muslims on exorbitant charges which caused great hardship to the Muslims.

The Holy Prophet desired that it may be purchased by some Muslim. Hazrat Usman readily purchased it for 20,000 dirham and relieved the Muslims of the predicament.

Hazrat Usman could not participate in Battle of Badar with Holy Prophet’s permission because his wife Ruqayyah was on deathbed. Here it would not be out of place to mention that after the death of Ruqayyah, he married with Umm-e-Kulthum (RA), another daughter of the Holy Prophet and earned the appellation of Zun-Noorain:

In 6 A.H. the holy Prophet left Madinah for Makkah to perform Umrah with 1400 or 1500 Muslims. Reaching the suburb of Makkah when he came to know of hostile threats of the pagans of Makkah, he decided to camp at a place called Hudaybiyah and deputed Hazrat Usman to proceed to Makkah as his envoy to apprise the pagans of Makkah of the purpose of the visit.

The stay of Hazrat Usman was unexpectedly prolonged and in the meantime it was rumoured that Hazrat Usman has been assassinated. Being extremely perturbed, the Holy Prophet declared that to seek reparation of his death is binding on all of us.

Thereupon, he took oath of fealty from the accompanying companions while sitting under a tree, hence better known as Bait-e-Rizwan. On this occasion the Holy Prophet placing one of his hands on his other hand took a similar pledge on behalf of Hazrat Usman which vividly manifests the esteemed position he enjoyed in the eyes of the Holy Prophet.

It is also worth mentioning that during the negotiating visit to Makkah he was offered to perform Umrah but he rejected it outright with the remarks: ‘How can I perform Umrah without the Holy Prophet’, which displays his faith.

On the eve of the preparation of an expedition to Tabuk, when reportedly Heraclius, the Byzantine Emperor had collected overwhelming force to invade the nascent Muslim state of Madinah, the contribution of Hazrat Usman was unparalleled.

It was a hard time. The intensity of heat, long marches and encounter with an inveterate enemy had caused a sort of consternation among them. But the devoted and sincere Muslims undaunted by the crisis came forward, enlisted themselves and contributed towards sinews of war whatsoever they could.

The contribution of Hazrat Usman (RA) surpassed them all. He met all the expenses of one third of the army – about 10,000 infantry. Over and above that he also provided 1000 camels and 70 horses and 1000 dinar. This expedition was led by the Holy Prophet himself.

With increase in population of the Muslims in Madinah, the accommodation already available in the Masjid-e-Nabavi became small. The Holy Prophet desired to get the mosque extended.

Hazrat Usman instantly purchased the adjoining land for 25,000 dirham for the purpose. The mosque was rebuilt by him during his caliphate and all the expenses were met by him.

Likewise, he purchased land in Baqi’ for graveyard. He did not take even a single dirham from the Bait-ul-Mal for his personal use. He always helped the orphans, widows, the destitutes and the needy. He used to enfranchise a slave on every Friday.

Hazrat Umar (RA) on his death-bed nominated six notables of Madinah namely Hazrat Ali ibn-abi-Talib (RA), Hazrat Usman ibn- Affan (RA), Hazrat Zubayr ibn-al-Awam (RA), Talhah ibn-Abdullah (RA), Saad ibn-abi-Waqqas (RA) and Abd-al-Rahman ibn-Awf (RA) to form an electoral college and advised to elect any one of them with general consensus. He had further stipulated not to elect his own son Abdullah. Consequently Hazrat Usman (RA) was unanimously elected as Caliph.

During his caliphate the large Muslim empire was further extended and large territories in the north east Asia and north Africa were subdued which included Armenia and Azerbaijan, Turkistan, Khurasan and Afghanistan.

In Africa, Egypt and al- Maghrib had already been conquered by the Muslims during the caliphate of Hazrat Umar (RA) but he had not permitted to annex Ifriqiyah, the large tract of land from the eastern confines of al-Maghrib to the western border of Egypt.

During the reign of Hazrat Usman the Governor of Egypt and al-Maghrib, Abdullah ibn- Saad ibn-abi-Sarh invaded the territory and concluded a treaty. However, no Wali was appointed there then.

With the installation of Hazrat Usman as caliph, a new chapter was added in the Muslim history. Now Muslims are seen establishing their navy both in Syria and Egypt and undertaking naval expeditions.

It was during his caliphate that the island of Cyprus in the Mediterranean – the first Muslim overseas land – was won in 28 A.H. (649 A.D.). Another island, Sicily, was also attacked.

The administrative set-up was almost the same as initiated during the caliphate of Hazrat Abu-Bakr (RA) and fully developed in the reign of Hazrat Umar (RA). The Council of Consultation (Majlis-e-Shura) was the supreme body to take decisions on all important and policy matters concerning the state.

The whole empire was divided into provinces each headed by a Wali (Governor). The Walis and other important state functionaries appointed during the caliphate of Hazrat Umar were retained on their posts. However, in Syria the provinces of Damascus, Jordan and Palestine were consolidated under the Governorship of Amir Muawiyah.

During the first half of his reign the administrative machinery remained unchanged, and peace prevailed throughout the state but in the second half of his caliphate, certain changes had become inevitable particularly in Kufah and Basrah, either to redress the grievances of the people or to meet the demand of the situation.

On Fridays in the Mosque of the Holy Prophet (SAW) every one had a free access to him where on one hand he received the latest information concerning the state affairs and on the other listened to the complaints against the state functionaries which were dealt with promptly.

In case of grievances received against any government dignitary posted in any of the provinces, he deputed some trusted persons for investigation on the recommendation of the Majlis-e-Shura.

The weal of the people had always been his main concern. For the convenience of the people, roads, bridges, caravan-serai, posts and mosques were built and wells were sunk.

An embankment was also constructed to check inundation of the Mosque of the Holy Prophet. For the military requirements vast pastures were developed and maintained for horses and camels. It was during his period that Muslim navy was also developed and shipyards were established to repair and manufacture warships.

When Hazrat Usman (RA) came to know of divergent mode of reciting the Holy Quran in the different parts of the Muslim Empire, he after obtaining the Holy Quran which was compiled during the caliphate of Hazrat Abu-Bkr (RA) and was kept in the custody of Umm-al-Momineen Hazrat Hafsa (RA), daughter of Hazrat Umar (RA), assigned the job of transcribing its copies to Zayd- ibn-Thabit and the copies prepared were sent to the provinces. Thus he earned another title of ‘Jame-al-Quran’.

During the last days of his reign some political upheaval erupted. The miscreants, gathering in Madinah at a time when a large number had gone for Haj, besieged his house. The rebels entered the house and struck him while he was reciting the Holy Quran. The drops of his blood fell on Quran and he died as a martyr on Friday, the 18th Zul-Hijjah 35 A.H.

(The death anniversary of Hazrat Usman Ghani is observed on 18th Zul Hijja).

http://www.dawn.com/2005/01/29/fea.htm 

By Prof Manzoor Ahmad

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After I left Karachi!

December 30, 2008

I am a 28 year old male living in the hush and bush of a western society. I came here some years ago seeking some goals but soon I lost my grip and I lost , what it seemed at that time my only hope, and since that day I have kept my head down and I have focused on my career and my life around my family. In the past few years I have hardly had time for myself it seems like I have lost my true personality somewhere. For me life is now about just keeping everyone else happy and moving on forward. I have a lovely family (mom, dad, brothers, sister) my beloved wife and my ever so adorable son.

It might sound silly for you to read this but I will write anyway. At times I am driving, walking, on a train or just stood somewhere and a thought crosses my mind why am I here? What am I doing? Am I serving the purpose of my existence? And then I think about life a few years ago when I was with in my family home in Karachi surrounded by my loving family and friends. Everyone talking and having a nice time, having dinner on dastar, special feeling about Ramadan, Eid’s and many other things.

emptiness_is_form
This is where my depression kicks in. I am Alhamdulillah in a good position financially, family wise etc I have got whatever anyone would wish for but the satisfaction is not there. I tend to seek Allah’s help but I fail to pray no matter how much I try. I have tried so many times to get into a habit of reading namaaz but I fail to keep up with it. I have a very strong character and it has become even more stronger after witnessing hardships of life over the years but still in my moments of weakness break down in tears. Despite having money, my own house, a luxurious life style there is still that sense missing sense of satisfaction. Although like I said I don’t pray but I still do try to do all the other good things like Roza, Charity, Haqooq al Ebad, I don’t drink, I eat halal food and I keep myself to myself as much as I can so that I am not wasting time in anything which is listed not good by Allah but still there is this question about the reason of my existence…..

I feel that there is a bigger purpose for me to be alive and but I don’t know where to find that bigger reason. I don’t even know if anyone will have an answer to it or not but I still seek my answer. May Allah has some plans for me which are yet to be revealed I don’t know how long I can bare this inquisitiveness…….

I often sit and think,
In an empty moment of time,
Who am I? And,
What is my purpose,
Purpose of being born,
Purpose of being here,
the answer is the same silence I have been hearing for years..

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